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Guide to different types of carpet


The stuff is everywhere and I clean it all day long, but did you realise were so many different carpet types? The word carpet originated from the Old French word carpite and was often used interchangeably to describe a rug.

The type of carpet that you have can have a huge effect on how your household looks and cleaned. The following list gives details and descriptions of the type of carpets available and how they are manufactured. I mean, after all, you can never have enough information about carpets.


This type of carpet is made using a loom; the method of production is quite similar to that of woven fabric. The pile can be plush, which is a cut pile, or Berber, which is a loop pile. The commonly coloured yarn is used to design intricately beautiful patterns. These patterns in many cases are predetermined, or a template may be used. However, these types of carpets happen to be expensive due to the amount of work and effort that goes into making them. They are very famous in parts of India and Pakistan and the Middle East.


These are produced mainly by intermingling individual synthetic fibres via a barbed needle and fork. This process results in the formation of a carpet that is extremely durable and can withstand harsher conditions. Due to the resilience of this type of carpet, they are usually found in hotels, restaurants and other commercial settings. It should be noted that needle felt carpets are technologically advanced compared to other designs.  Dirtbusters clean miles of commercial carpets in Liverpool.


This branch of carpets was formally known as supplementary weft cut-loop pile. The basic structure of the carpet involves the supplementary weft and structural weft alternating with each other at right angles. Oriental rugs mostly make use of knotting by hand, while pile carpets usually make use of a loom.

There are two main types of knotting. The symmetrical knotting is also called the Turkish or Ghiordes, while the asymmetrical knotting is known as the Persian or Senna. Countries most noted for modern knotted carpets include Pakistan, India, Iran, Turkmenistan, Spain, Nepal and Tibet.


This is the most common method of manufacturing carpets and floor covering around the world. This involves the pile being injected into a backing machine, which then sends it to be woven in a hessian weave or any other man made the alternative.


This involves a textured loop pile laid out in straight rows. The heights of the loops can be varied to produce different designs and textures. Sisal carpets are all natural.  Although I can clean these carpets, results are very limited due to the natural fibre.


This type of carpet is made in by interlocking vertical and horizontal threads. Types of oriental flat woven carpet include Kilim, Soumak, Plain Weave and Tapestry Weave. Types of European flat woven carpets include Venetian, Dutch, Damask, list, Hair cloth and ingrain.


This is a handmade rug. It is made by pulling the strips of cloth through a fabric such as a burlap. The process by which it is made is referred to as rug hooking and is considered a type of handicraft nowadays.


These carpets usually make use of the application of stitches to cloth, usually linen, instead of a loom. This branch of carpets has two famous variants that are the cross stitch and the tent stitch. Originally made by members of royal families of nobles, this style has been manufactured commercially due to the advent of steel needles.


Loops of varying heights are used to produce a textured carpet. The loops may be used in random sequence to create an array of distinct patterns and designs. This design is also known as the high-low loop pile. Like the needle felt, this style of carpets is also very durable and sturdy, and well suited to heavy trafficked areas.


This carpet has a shaggy appearance is mostly informal. Carpets with piles longer than the frieze are called shag piles. This carpet is usually made by connecting and intermingling the long piles in different directions; this, therefore, provides stability and allows the carpet to withstand wear and tear for longer periods of time. Moreover, this is available in a variety of thin or thick piles.


The cut pile plush carpet provides a more formal look than other types of carpets. This style is particularly is velvety soft and upright. It can also be called velour. The piles in this branch of carpets are short and slightly twisted; this shows tracks and footprints.


This carpet incorporates both the level cut and loop pile to give a soft, smooth carpet. This combination of level cuts and loop piles can bring about a variety of different designs and patterns. The patterns on this can create the illusion of space in smaller rooms.

This was a condensed list of the types of carpets available, and how they are manufactured. So next time you want to add a new carpet to your room remember to consider the general atmosphere (formal or informal), and the style of carpet that accompanies it. The type of carpet that you use in a room can make or break its overall ambience and appearance.

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